Amazon

Amazon parrots comprise many parrots that range in size from the small spectacled (white-fronted) amazon to the quite sizable double yellow-headed and mealy amazons.
Generally, the best talkers are double yellow heads, yellow napes, and blue fronts. Many of these birds can also become proficient singers. They are not shy and will often perform for strangers. Because of these characteristics, these parrots are often selected as performers in bird shows, Amazons should be showered regularly for feather and skin health.
At least 10 hours of dark, quiet sleep time each night. Amazons that do not get enough sleep can be very grouchy and aggressive.

Talking ability:

Amazon is excellent talkers.

Life Span:

You can expect a healthy Amazon to live around 45-50 years or even longer with good nutrition and care.

Sexing:

Monomorphic / Dimorphic Surgical or DNA sexing is usually necessary.

The Incubation Period:

In their natural habitat, they are cavity nesters. Each clutch averages 2-3 eggs, which are laid in early spring. The average incubation period is 26 - 28 days. The Yellow-crowned Amazon parrots mate for life.

Breeding:

Need very large flights as males can be extremely aggressive toward females in many species. To breed Amazon parrots, you will need to acquire a true pair and identify the sex of your birds before you set them up. You can do this with DNA sexing. All breeding birds should be DNA sexed.

Food:

Seed, soaked or sprouted seed: We suggest seeds & soaked or sprouted seed for successful breeding.

Tree Branches:

Leafy live branches from non-toxic native trees and shrubs can be placed into the aviary for the birds to chew. When available, nectar filled flowers on the plants will be appreciated by the birds. Natural branches of various diameters, and placed at various angles, can be used for perches. Branches can be placed in a near vertical position and many of the birds will practice their acrobatic acts on these near vertical branches and ropes. These natural perches may be chewed by the birds and may need to be replaced regularly.

Calcium:

Calcium supplements are available in liquid and powder form and added to the wet feed mixture, as required especially prior to breeding season. Veterinary advice should be obtained to ascertain if your birds require mineral and or vitamin supplements, and this includes calcium, as excess levels can be detrimental to a bird's health. Adding extra calcium to a bird's diet may be of little or no value unless the bird does daily flying or exercise. Calcium is usually absorbed in response to a physical demand such as exercise or lots of flying.

For a hen to absorb an adequate amount of calcium prior to breeding, it is preferable to give the breeding bird access to an aviary prior to the start of the breeding season. The aviary should give the birds the exercise required to obtain optimal fitness for a good breeding season.

Water:

Clean fresh water must be available at all times. Some birds bathe in the drinking water. Others like Asiatic parrots will not bathe in their drinking water so provision may have to be made for a second water bowl. There are a number of automatic and semi-automatic watering systems now on the market as well as "home made" systems that are used successfully both in outdoor aviaries and indoor rooms. When the dry mix is not mixed with water and is fed as a separate dry food, the birds will then drink from the water bowl and leave some of the food in the water. Regular thorough cleaning of the water bowl is essential.

Sunlight & Vitamin D:

With aviaries having fully covered roofs, care must be taken to ensure no deficiency occurs.

Mineral & vitamin supplements (including calcium):

Keep in mind with supplements, the correct dose rate you should get good results, but, if more than the prescribed dose is administered, it could be toxic or even fatal to the bird's and or the babies. Seek advice from a veterinarian before adding these items to a bird's diet.